Once there is a bankruptcy filing, there is a subset of actions that you can take in bankruptcy court, known as adversary proceedings. These proceedings work to prevent the discharge of specific debts, or to prevent the debtor from obtaining a bankruptcy discharge at all. Debts that may not be dischargeable include debt to an ex-spouse, or the attorney who rendered legal services to the ex-spouse, debt that arises from the debtor’s use of false pretenses, or from willful or malicious injury to a person or the property of a person or entity, or debts arising from fraud, embezzlement or larceny.

Justice's scales, illustrating a website about collections services in New York State.